Who was Helmuth von Moltke?

Helmuth von Moltke, in full Helmuth Karl Bernhard, Count (graf) von Moltke, (born October 26, 1800, Parchim, Mecklenburg [Germany]—died April 24, 1891, Berlin, Germany), chief of the Prussian and German General Staff (1858–88) and the architect of the victories over Denmark (1864), Austria (1866), and France (1871).

What was Alfred von Schlieffen’s duty as the Army chief of staff for the German Empire?

The French-Russian alliance had raised the prospect that Germany might face a war on two fronts. In response, Kaiser Wilhelm II ordered Alfred Graf von Schlieffen, Chief of the German General Staff, to develop a plan to successfully fight both France and Russia.

Who was the German army chief of staff in 1914?

Chiefs of the German General Staff

No. Chefs des Großen Generalstabs Left office
3 General der Kavallerie Alfred von Schlieffen (1833–1913) 1 January 1906
4 Generaloberst Helmuth von Moltke the Younger (1848–1916) 14 September 1914
5 General der Infanterie Erich von Falkenhayn
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What was the name of the famous Prussian commander who served at the same time as Bismarck?

He commanded troops in Europe and the Middle East, commanding during the Second Schleswig War, Austro- Prussian War and the Franco- Prussian War. Helmuth von Moltke the Elder.

Graf Helmuth von Moltke the Elder
Monarch Wilhelm I Frederick III Wilhelm II
Chancellor Otto von Bismarck
Preceded by Position established
Succeeded by Alfred von Waldersee


What does Kreisau mean?

The Kreisau Circle was the name given to a group of men who opposed Adolf Hitler and the Nazi Party. The Kreisau Circle got its name from the fact that the men in it frequently met at an estate in Kreisau that was owned by one of the men in it – Helmuth James Graf von Moltke.

Who said no plan survives first contact?

The German field marshal, known as Moltke the Elder, believed in developing a series of options for battle instead of a single plan, saying “ No plan of operations extends with certainty beyond the first encounter with the enemy’s main strength.” Today, “ no plan survives contact with the enemy” is the popular

Why did Germany declare war on Russia?

Germany declared war on Russia on August 1, 1914 because they were enemies and they saw Russia’s mobilization as a war threat. France declared war on Germany on August 4, 1914 because they were enemies and France knew that Germany wanted to fight them.

What went wrong with the Schlieffen Plan?

The Schlieffen Plan’s strategy required that France be defeated swiftly – but this didn’t happen. That failure led to sustained trench warfare on the Western Front. In those grim battles of attrition, such as the Battle of the Somme and the Battle of Verdun, Allied forces ultimately outnumbered the Germans.

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Why did Britain declare war on Germany?

The Germans wanted the British government to ignore the Treaty of London and let the German army pass through Belgium. In the end, Britain refused to ignore the events of 4 August 1914, when Germany attacked France through Belgium. Within hours, Britain declared war on Germany.

What is a German general called?

General ( German pronunciation: [ɡenəˈʁaːl]) is the highest rank of the German Army and German Air Force. As a four-star rank it is the equivalent to the rank of admiral in the German Navy. The rank is rated OF-9 in NATO. General ( Germany )

General General
Rank Four-star
NATO rank code OF-9
Pay grade B8
Formation 1956 (modern)

Who was Hitlers architect?

What is Albert Speer known for? Albert Speer served as Adolf Hitler ‘s chief architect (1933–45) and minister for armaments and war production (1942–45).

Who was Hitler’s chief staff?

Franz Halder
Halder in 1938
Chief of Staff of the Army High Command
In office 1 September 1938 – 24 September 1942
Leader Adolf Hitler Walther von Brauchitsch as Supreme Commander of the Army (until 19 December 1941)


Why did France hate Germany?

The short-term French reaction after 1871 was Revanchism: a sense of bitterness, hatred and demand for revenge against Germany, and demand for the return of the two lost provinces. Paintings that emphasized the humiliation of the defeat came in high demand, such as those by Alphonse de Neuville.

What caused German unification?

France was heavily defeated in the Franco-Prussian War. Napoleon III was overthrown by a French rebellion. The circumstances leading to the war caused the southern German states to support Prussia. This alliance led to the unification of Germany.

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Why did Germany invade France in 1870?

According to some historians, Prussian chancellor Otto von Bismarck deliberately provoked the French into declaring war on Prussia in order to draw four independent southern German states—Baden, Württemberg, Bavaria and Hesse-Darmstadt—into an alliance with the Prussian-dominated North German Confederation; other

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